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روماني, Page 3

al-Aisa/Qinnasrin
العيسى/قنسرين

Qinnasrin (قنسرين), located in the modern village of al-Aisa (العيسى), is the site of the ancient Chalcis ad Belum. This was an important city during the Roman period, more centrally located than Aleppo (حلب), and a major transportation hub. Ancient roads connected Chalcis ad Belum with other Roman cities throughout the region. The hilltop location also provided commanding views over the surrounding countryside. While very …

Jisr al-Shaghur
جسر الشغور

Jisr al-Shaghur (جسر الشغور) is a fairly large town on the main route between Lattakia (اللاذقية) and Aleppo (حلب). While it has had a long history, as many other Syrian towns, there is little to see here today. Nonetheless, as a regional center and transit hub, you’ll most likely stop here if you intend to visit either Bakas/Qalaat al-Shaghur (قلعة الشغور) or the nearby Qalaat Mirza (قلعة …

Ruweiha
رويحة

Ruweiha (رويحة) is characterized by an interesting combination of Roman and Byzantine remains that include numerous tombs of varying architectural styles, two large churches, and several villas built on a very large scale. The site is one of the more unique and impressive sites in the Jebel al-Zawiyeh (جبل الزاوية) and Jebel Riha (جبل ريحا) region. Most of the town dates from the fifth and sixth centuries, …

Farkiya
فركيا

Farkiya (فركيا), similar to nearby Meghara (مغارة), is the site of several well preserved Roman tombs located on the northern end of a modern village. The most impressive is a small rock-cut tomb with incredibly rich stone carvings on both the interior and exterior facade. Other tombs at the site were designed with arched canopies over the entryway to the rock-cut burial chambers. Just south of the modern …

Meghara
مغارة

Meghara (مغارة) is the site of several well preserved Roman tombs located on the outskirts of a modern village. The tombs were particularly rich in statuary and painted decoration, some of which is still visible today. One tomb has an elaborate external facade, but the others are more austere on the exterior with far more detail within the burial chambers.   Getting There: The site …

Baqirha
باقرحا

Baqirha (باقرحا), situated on the northern edge of Jebel Barisha (جبل باريشا) and overlooking the Plain of Amuq (to the east of Antioch), is arguably the most interesting archaeological site on this mountain range. Baqirha (باقرحا) has remains from both the Roman and Byzantine periods, including the best preserved Roman temple in the northwest of Syria. The Roman temple, whose surprisingly intact remains stand on the southern edge …

Bamuqa
باموقا

The ruins of Bamuqa (باموقا) are located on the northwestern edge of Jebel Barisha (جبل باريشا), overlooking the Plain of Amuq to the east of Antakya (historical Antioch). With Roman and Byzantine remains scattered around an oak grove, Bamuqa (باموقا) is a charming site and would make a beautiful spot for a picnic. The site includes a sizable Roman villa, associated with a large cistern and an underground tomb …

Sarmada
سرمدا

Located on the far eastern side of the rural town of Sarmada (سرمدا) is a funerary monument dating back to the Roman period. The monument is made up of two columns, with funerary chambers located underneath. There are several underground tombs located here, but no other substantial remains. The monument is referred to locally as amoud (عمود), the Arabic word for column. It is worth a quick stop if passing …

Beshandlaya
بشندلايا

Beshandlaya (بشندلايا) is a noteworthy site for its large rock-cut Roman tomb which dates from the second century. In addition to the tomb, there are a number of Byzantine-era remains including olive presses, a large villa and other residential buildings. There does not appear to be any church in Beshandlaya (بشندلايا), but the remains are worth a quick look if visiting the other sites in Jebel al-Aala (جبل …

Banabel
بنابل

Banabel (بنابل) is a friendly Druze village located about nine kilometers southeast of Harem (حارم) in the mountain region of Jebel al-Aala (جبل الأعلى). This small village contains numerous remains dating back to the late Roman period, but no church. The ruins include a sizable house (two storied) with an attractive engaged Corinthian column, one of three said to be from the second century. To the south of …