Currently browsing tag

ريف حلب, Page 3

Aleppo – al-Safahiyeh Mosque
حلب – جامع السفاحية

The Mamluk-era al-Safahiyeh Mosque (جامع السفاحية) is located near the center of the old city of Aleppo (حلب). The mosque was constructed in 1425 under Ahmad Bin Salah Bin Ahmad al-Safah (أحمد بن صالح بن أحمد السفاح) and also served as a religious school. The building received substantial restorations in 1925. al-Safahiyeh Mosque (جامع السفاحية) is unique for its particularly tall and slender entrance portal. …

Aleppo – al-Shayabiyeh Mosque
حلب – جامع الشعيبية

The origin of al-Shayabiyeh Mosque (جامع الشعيبية) is not entirely clear, but the present structure largely dates to 1150 during the rule of Nur al-Din Mahmoud Zenki (نور الدين محمود زنكي). The most interesting feature of this small mosque is the elaborate stone carved decoration over the western façade. Much of this stonework was previously assumed to have originated from an early Roman triumphal arch …

Aleppo – Hammam Yalbugha
حلب – حمام يلبغا

One of the most impressive public baths in Syria is Hammam Yalbugha (حمام يلبغا), located in the old city of Aleppo (حلب) just south of the Aleppo Citadel (قلعة حلب). The baths were originally constructed in the mid-14th century, but were destroyed in 1399 when Timur sacked the city. The baths were later restored by Seif al-Din Yalbugha al-Nasiri (سيف الدين يلبغا الناصري), the Mamluk …

Aleppo – People
حلب – شعب

Most of Syria’s major urban centers are extremely diverse, and the city of Aleppo (حلب) is no exception. The population of the city was over 2,300,000 as of 2005, making it more populous than the capital. The residents of Aleppo (حلب) are predominantly Arab, speaking the northern Syrian dialect of Arabic. There is also a substantial Kurdish community, focused in and around the northern neighborhood …

Qalaat Samaan
قلعة سمعان

The most impressive archaeological site in the countryside of Aleppo (حلب) is the remarkable Byzantine religious complex known today as Qalaat Samaan (قلعة سمعان). Constructed between 476 and 491, this monumental church was dedicated to Saint Simeon Stylites. It was on this hilltop that the ascetic spent nearly forty years living atop a stone pillar, devoting himself to religious observance and preaching to those who …

Ain Dara
عين دارة

The fascinating temple of Ain Dara (عين دارة), located northwest of Aleppo (حلب) near the Kurdish town of Afrin (عفرين), is an incredible example of religious architecture from the Hittite period. The temple, constructed on a hill overlooking the Afrin River valley, is one of the best preserved of the Hittite sites in Syria. While the remains are modest in scale, the architectural style is …

al-Nabi Houri
النبي هوري

Perhaps the most expansive of the Roman and Byzantine sites in the countryside of Aleppo (حلب) are the remains located at al-Nabi Houri (النبي هوري). Seldom visited due to its remote location, the site contains extensive remains of a once significant ancient city. These remains include an impressive Roman theater and tower tomb as well as two bridges that remain in use today. There are …

Qalaat Najm
قلعة نجم

Qalaat Najm (قلعة نجم) is an impressive fortress located on the west bank of the Euphrates River east of Aleppo (حلب). The castle is known from Arabic texts to date back to at least the 7th century, possibly constructed over earlier Roman-era fortifications. Nur al-Din Mahmoud Zenki (نور الدين محمود زنكي), who ruled from 1146 through 1174, was responsible for reconstructing the earlier fortress at …

Meskaneh
مسكنة

Just outside the modern town of Meskaneh (مسكنة), on the shore of Lake Assad, are the remnants of the Bronze Age city of Emar and the subsequent Greek, Roman, Byzantine, and Arab settlements that occupied the site. Surviving remains include Byzantine fortifications and a 13th century brick minaret that offers commanding views over the area. The ancient settlement of Emar was mentioned in the tablets …

al-Aisa/Qinnasrin
العيسى/قنسرين

Qinnasrin (قنسرين), located in the modern village of al-Aisa (العيسى), is the site of the ancient Chalcis ad Belum. This was an important city during the Roman period, more centrally located than Aleppo (حلب), and a major transportation hub. Ancient roads connected Chalcis ad Belum with other Roman cities throughout the region. The hilltop location also provided commanding views over the surrounding countryside. While very …