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عثماني, Page 3

Hama – Qasr al-Azem
حماة – قصر العظم

One of the most attractive residential buildings in Syria is Qasr al-Azem (قصر العظم)‎ of Hama (حماة). It was constructed in 1740 as the residence of Assad Basha al-Azem (أسعد باشا العظم‎), an Ottoman governor of the city. Only three years later he was promoted to governor of Damascus (دمشق), where he built the more well-known palace of the same name. While the building was …

Hama – Old Houses
حماة – البيوت القديمة

Much of the historic center of Hama (حماة) was destroyed by armed conflict in 1982. The Syrian government launched a major offensive against the city, then a stronghold of the Muslim Brotherhood, in February of that year. Subsequent reconstruction of the city largely ignored its architectural heritage, much of which was replaced by modern development. Only a small area of the old city has survived, …

Homs – Khalid Ibn al-Walid Mosque
حمص – مسجد خالد ابن الوليد

The Ottoman-era Khalid Ibn al-Walid Mosque (مسجد خالد ابن الوليد) is perhaps the most famous monument in the city of Homs (حمص). It houses the tomb of Khalid Ibn al-Walid (خالد ابن الوليد), one of the companions of Mohammed (محمد) and one of the most important commanders of early Muslim armies. Khalid Ibn al-Walid (خالد ابن الوليد) was born in Mecca (modern Saudi Arabia) in …

Homs – Qasr al-Zahrawi
حمص – قصر الزهراوي

One of the most beautiful historic houses in Homs (حمص) is Qasr al-Zahrawi (قصر الزهراوي), located in the old city neighborhood of al-Hamidiyeh (الحميدية). This two story building features a delightful courtyard with a central fountain and a large iwan on the southern side. It was constructed primarily of black basaltic stone, with some limestone used around the windows and doorways for decoration. The upper …

Homs – Mosques
حمص – الجوامع

There are numerous historic mosques (الجوامع) scattered throughout the old city of Homs (حمص), though little research is available on most of them. Characteristic of these mosques is the black basalt stone used in their construction, often featuring tall square minarets with minimal decoration. Many of these stones were recycled from the Roman and Byzantine periods, when the city was known as Emesa. In their …

Homs – Old Houses
حمص – البيوت القديمة

While often overlooked by visitors, the old city of Homs (حمص) is rich in historic residential architecture. Most of these houses were constructed during the Mamluk and Ottoman eras, with some remains dating back to earlier Islamic periods. Scattered remnants from the Roman and Byzantine periods, when the city was known as Emesa, can be found throughout the area as well. While most of these …

Palmyra – Qalaat Shirkuh
تدمر – قلعة شيركوه

Located west of Palmyra (تدمر) and constructed with stones from its ancient ruins is the Ayyubid-era fortress Qalaat Shirkuh (قلعة شيركوه). Featuring commanding views over the surrounding countryside, a visit to this castle is highly recommended if only to appreciate the magnificent scene of the ancient city below. The effect is greatest at sunrise or sunset, providing one of the most memorable sights in the …